The Newbury, the first steamboat on the St. Joseph River in 1832 ran from Lake Michigan to Berrien Springs, Michigan [where?]. The first steamboat to appear in South Bend was the Matilda Barney in the summer of 1833. When her whistle first sounded, everyone gathered on the shore with excitement to see the very rare sight. Originally designed for transporting freight, steamboats also became popular for carrying passengers. The May Graham was the last of these river boats to operate on the St. Joseph River between St. Joseph and Berrien Springs, Michigan. The St. Joseph River, once the main route of transportation, was replaced by the railroad in the mid-1800s.